Eleni Axioti

Eleni Axioti is a researcher, writer and designer. She holds a Master (M.A.) in History and Theory of Architecture from the Architectural Association School of Architecture and a  Diploma (MEng.) with honors in Civil and Structural Engineering from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Eleni has practiced as a designer and an engineer (AKT II, Atelier One i.a.) in London and Greece, participating in international projects and competitions since 2008. Her design work has been exhibited in the galleries of RIBA and the AA. Her written and editorial work has been published in various journals and magazines (AA publications, Static, Bidoun, i.a.).

Architecture as an apparatus of governance: (British) architecture from the welfare state to the state of workfare.

Director of Studies: Dr. Marina Lathouri, Supervisor: Dr. Thanos Zartaloudis

The thesis analyzes architecture as an apparatus (dispositif) operating within the practice of governance and unfolds a transversal cartography of architectural operations that problematize the relation of architectural practices to contemporary issues of political economy. It illustrates the complexity of this process and traces these operations within a specific milieu, that of the institutional modern architecture produced by and for the British social welfare state from the 1950s until the beginning of its dismantle by the neoliberal policies of the 1980s. Focusing on three institutional projects, the research investigates how in these historical formations, different agents are assembled with specific powers and certain domains of architecture are constituted administrable by precise operations. These operations are the calculative practices of architecture (calculus), the ability of architecture to delimitate space and define territories (disposition) and the capacity of architecture to turn people and things observable (observability). Through these operations, the research follows the transition from the welfare state to the state of workfare, from institutions and spaces of enclosure to open circuits and spaces of modulations, and from the individual as a social citizen to the self-actualizing dividual. The thesis aims to problematize the political implications of these operations as they are practiced nowadays and to produce an architectural history of the present.