The Phd Research Programme at the Architectural Association
Lukas Pauer is a licensed architect, urbanist, educator, and the Founding Director of the Vertical Geopolitics Lab. Currently engaged as Tutor in Landscape Architecture at the University of Edinburgh and Co-Founding Associate Editor at Harvard University’s Very Vary Veri Journal, Lukas pursues a practice-led studio-based PhD AD at the Architectural Association with P. V. Aureli. He holds an MAUD from Harvard University, and an MSc Arch from ETH Zürich. Besides numerous international recognitions, Lukas has been selected as Global Shaper by the World Economic Forum – a leadership program committed to change-making impact within local communities.
In the industry, Lukas is a member of the Swiss professional association of architects and has extensive technical experience in construction at globally renowned practices such as Herzog & de Meuron Architekten. In the academy, Lukas has devised, coordinated, conducted, and assessed courses incl. thesis supervision and examination at leading institutions such as Victoria University of Wellington. He has spoken publicly at institutions such as the World Bank, published in periodicals incl. the UCLA Planning Journal, and curated and convened public programs at venues incl. the Biennale Architettura di Venezia.
Staging Facts on the Ground: On the Historical Role of Buildings as Markers of Imperial-Colonial Expansion
Supervisors: Dr Pier Vittorio Aureli, Dr Thanos Zartaloudis
My research investigates buildings as evidence for the projection of power, authority, and influence. Specifically, my doctoral dissertation studies the architectural resolution of imperial-colonial expansion throughout history.
The assumption that governance is an invisible and immaterial force ignores the physical manifestations of power. As facts on the ground, buildings can link a polity to its claimed domain, asserting governance spatially through structure, appearance, function, siting, and scale. Still, architectural techniques have rarely been subjected to theorizing throughout the history of imperial-colonial expansion. The question is how buildings have been employed to legitimize governance through which bodies and spaces were made subjects. This question guides my research, which hypothesizes the possibility of tracing back the historical origins of architectural techniques that have shaped how buildings are used to legitimize expansion. Structure of my dissertation are various types of buildings and their corresponding rhetorics of expansion. The first chapter looks at scenic tents, sacred barriers, and military standards. These buildings used scenographic techniques along ancient procession paths to lay claim to governance. Giving a description of extraterritorial techniques along trade routes, the second chapter analyzes how traveler inns, nation houses, and counter houses legitimized power in medieval times. The third chapter examines semaphore towers, timeball towers, and telegraph poles. In order to lay claim to authority, these buildings employed geodetic techniques along modern signal lines. Offering an account of detentional techniques along transit corridors, the fourth chapter analyzes how quarantine facilities, immigration facilities, and prescreening facilities legitimized influence in recent times.
In its larger aim, my research seeks to untangle how material conditions embody social imaginaries and relations in space. These can become apparent through seemingly minor or banal architectural techniques with often nevertheless enormous implications. My research seeks to interrogate the ability of design to manifest power where stable and extensive means of control are challenged. This will ultimately allow the audience of my research to reconcile with a condition that has always been inherent but never fully untangled.